solar ppa

Solar PPA vs. Solar Loan: What’s the Difference?

User AvatarShawn Jolley

As a solar sales rep, your job is to guide customers through the journey of adopting solar energy. One aspect of this process is understanding some of the different financing options available.

Below, you’ll learn some of the more notable distinctions between solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) and solar loans. Armed with this knowledge, you can better answer questions for your clients as they make decisions that align with their needs and preferences.

Understanding Solar Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs)

What Are PPAs and How Do They Work?

Solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) are third-party financing arrangements where a solar provider installs, owns, and maintains the solar panels on a customer’s property. In exchange, the customer agrees to purchase the electricity generated by the solar system at a predetermined rate, usually lower than the current utility rates. Just like every financing arrangement, there are PPA solar pros and cons.

Advantages of PPAs

Zero Upfront Costs

Clients can go solar without making an initial investment, making PPAs accessible to a broader customer base. In some cases, this may be the only financing option that works for a client.

Predictable Energy Costs

PPAs provide stability by locking in a fixed rate for solar-generated electricity, potentially shielding customers from future utility rate increases.

Maintenance Offloaded

The third-party provider takes care of solar panel maintenance, freeing clients from maintenance hassles. Some customers may find peace of mind with this arrangement.

Potential Disadvantages of PPAs

Long-Term Commitment

PPAs typically come with lengthy contracts, spanning 15 to 25 years. Some customers may consider this length of time too long for maintaining a relationship with a third party.

Lack of Ownership

Clients won’t own the solar panels, missing out on tax incentives and the ability to sell excess energy back to the grid. As legislation in solar changes, this may become less of an issue.

Exploring Solar Loans

power purchase agreement solar

How Solar Loans Work

Solar loans are traditional financing options where customers borrow money to purchase and install solar panels on their property. They gain ownership of the system immediately and repay the loan over time, similar to a home mortgage.

Advantages of Solar Loans

Ownership and Tax Benefits

Clients own the solar panels, making them eligible for tax incentives and potential earnings from selling excess energy to the grid.

Building Equity

Loan payments help build equity in the solar system, which can enhance the property’s value. In this way, solar can be viewed as part of a property investment.

Flexible Terms

Customers have more flexibility in choosing loan terms that fit their budget. There are many lenders, rates, and terms available for solar loans.

Potential Disadvantages of Solar Loans

Upfront Costs

Solar loans might require a down payment or upfront expenses, which can vary depending on the lender. This may prevent deals from closing.

Interest Rates

The loan’s interest rate impacts overall costs, so it’s crucial to seek competitive rates. Clients should be given information regarding all of their options.

Maintenance Responsibility

As owners of the solar panels, clients are responsible for maintenance and repairs. Depending on the simplicity of the system, this may be a non-issue for many homeowners.

Discussing Solar PPAs and Solar Loans with Clients

While the financing decision is up to the purchaser, reps play an important role in helping clients navigate their solar financing choices with confidence. Discussing these topics early on in the sales process can prevent future surprises and headaches:

Long-Term vs. Short-Term Goals

Consider your client’s long-term commitment to solar. If they plan to stay in their home for an extended period, a PPA might fit their lifestyle.


Assess your client’s budget constraints and willingness to make an initial investment. PPAs are budget-friendly as they involve zero upfront costs.


If clients want to own the solar panels and reap tax benefits, choosing a solar loan instead of a PPA would align with that goal.

Environmental Impact

Both options support renewable energy, but owning the solar panels may give clients a greater sense of control over their environmental contributions.

PPA & Loan Considerations for Commission

what is ppa solar

Solar sales reps can earn commissions and bonuses from both solar PPAs and solar loans. The key difference lies in the timing and structure of compensation. Solar PPAs may offer more potential for ongoing residuals, while solar loans may involve larger upfront commissions.

Reps should work closely with their employers to understand the compensation structure and tailor their sales strategies to effectively promote both financing options to meet customer needs and maximize their earnings.

Navigate Solar Financing Like a Pro

Your expertise as a solar sales rep on the different financing options available is invaluable in helping clients feel confident in the decisions they make.

Both solar PPAs and solar loans offer unique advantages, so it’s crucial to understand your client’s individual circumstances and preferences when discussing them. By doing so, you can help them know they’ve made the choice that best aligns with their goals.

👉Check out Proposals by SalesRabbit for a streamlined solar financing solution.

Leave a Reply